Welcome to the official page of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine!
We cover Rada’s work, the latest legislative developments, major events taking place at the parliament and everything that is important to know about Ukrainian parliamentarians.
The Verkhovna Rada is a unicameral parliament. It is the only institution with the legislative power in Ukraine. According to the Constitution of Ukraine, the Verkhovna Rada is composed of 450 members, who are presided over by a chairman (currently the speaker of Rada is Andriy Parubiy).
However, the current composition of the Rada consists of 423 members, due to inability to hold elections at the areas of the anti-terrorist operation in Donetsk and Luhansk regions and the unilateral annexation of Crimea by Russia.
The parliament determines the principles of domestic and foreign policy, introduces amendments to the Constitution of Ukraine, adopts laws, approves the state budget, designates elections for the President of Ukraine, impeaches the President, declares war and peace, appoints the Prime Minister of Ukraine, a number of top officials, one-third of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine, elects permanent judges, as well as ratifies and denounces international treaties.
For media inquiries please contact Press-Service of the Verkhovna Rada firstname.lastname@example.org, tel. (044) 255-26-35.
The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Верхо́вна Ра́да Украї́ни, Ukrainian abbreviation ВРУ; literally Supreme Council of Ukraine), often simply Verkhovna Rada or just Rada, is the unicameral parliament of Ukraine. The Verkhovna Rada is composed of 450 deputies, who are presided over by a chairman (speaker). The Verkhovna Rada meets in the Verkhovna Rada building in Ukraine's capital Kiev.
The Verkhovna Rada was transformed out of the system of the Republican representative body known in the Soviet Union as Supreme Soviet (Supreme Council) that was first established back in 1938 as a type of legislature of the Ukrainian SSR after the reorganization of the Central Executive Committee of the Ukrainian SSR.
The 12th convocation of the Supreme Council of the Ukrainian SSR (elected in 1990) issued the Declaration of Independence of Ukraine, introduced elements of a market economy and political liberalization, and officially changed the enumeration of its sessions, proclaiming itself the first convocation of the "Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine".
The current parliament is the eighth convocation. Because of the War in Donbass and the unilateral annexation of Crimea by Russia, elections for the constituencies situated in Donbass and Crimea were not held in the 2014 Ukrainian parliamentary election; hence the current composition of the Verkhovna Rada consists of 423 deputies.
In elections to the Verkhovna Rada, a mixed voting system is used. 50% of seats are distributed under party lists with a 5% election threshold and 50% through first-past-the-post in single-member constituencies. The method of 50/50 mixed elections was used in the 2002 and 2012 elections; however, in 2006 and 2007, the elections were held under a proportional system only.